The margay, scientific name Leopardus wiedii is a small wild cat native to Central and South America. A solitary and nocturnal cat, it lives primarily in major evergreen and deciduous forests.
Margay Cat: About
Till the 1990s, margays had been hunted illegally for wildlife commerce, which resulted in big inhabitants lower.
Since 2008, the margay cat has been listed as Close to Threatened on the IUCN Red List as a result of the inhabitants is considered declining because of lack of habitat following deforestation.
Margay, (Leopardus wiedii), additionally known as tiger cat or tigrillo, small cat (family Felidae) that ranges from South by Central America and, not often, into the intense southern United States. Little is thought in regards to the habits of the margay cat.
It lives in forests and presumably is nocturnal, feeding on small prey comparable to birds, frogs, and bugs. It’s largely arboreal and has specifically tailored claws and feet that allow it to scamper up tree trunks and alongside branches with ease.
The margay cat resembles the associated ocelot however has an extended tail and fuller face, emphasized by massive, darkish eyes and rounded ears.
The male attains the most size of about 1.1 meters (3.5 feet), together with a tail about 46 cm (18 inches) lengthy, and weighs as much as about 16 kg (35 kilos). The feminine is mostly smaller and has a comparatively longer tail.
Coloration varies from pale grey to deep brown with darkish markings comparable to spots, stripes, bands, and black-edged blotches.
When hand-reared from a kitten, the margay cat reportedly is well tamed; as a grownup, nonetheless, it could develop into unpredictable.
In his first description, Schinz named the margay cat Felis wiedii in honor of Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied who collected specimens in Brazil.
Margay cat Traits
The margay cat is similar to the bigger ocelot in look, though the top is a bit shorter, the eyes bigger, and the tail and legs longer.
It weighs from 2.6 to 4 kg (5.7 to 8.8 lb), with a physique size of 48 to 79 cm (19 to 31 in), and a tail size of 33 to 51 cm (13 to 20 in).
In contrast to most different cats, the feminine possesses solely two teats.
Its fur is brown and marked with quite a few rows of darkish brown or black rosettes and longitudinal streaks.
The undersides are paler, starting from buff to white, and the tail has quite a few darkish bands and a black tip. The backs of the ears are black with round white markings within the center.
Most notably the margay cat is a way more skillful climber than its relative, and it’s typically known as the tree ocelot due to this potential.
Whereas the ocelot largely pursues prey on the bottom, the margay cat might spend its complete life within the timber, leaping after and chasing birds and monkeys by the treetops.
Certainly, it’s one in every of solely two cat species with the ankle flexibility essential to climb head-first down timber (the opposite being the clouded leopard, though the poorly studied marbled cat may additionally have this potential).
It’s remarkably agile; its ankles can flip as much as 180 levels, it might grasp branches equally effectively with its fore and hind paws, and it is ready to leap as much as 12 ft (3.7 m) horizontally. The margay cat has been noticed to hold branches with just one foot.
Distribution and habitat
The margay cat is discovered from southern Mexico, Central America, and in northern South America east of the Andes.
The southern fringe of its vary reaches Uruguay and northern Argentina. They’re discovered nearly completely in areas of dense forest, starting from tropical evergreen forest to tropical dry forest and excessive cloud forest. Margays have typically additionally been noticed in espresso and cocoa plantations.
Fossil proof of margays or margay-like cats has been present in Florida and Georgia’s relationship to the Pleistocene, suggesting that they had a wider distribution previously. The final report from Texas was from 1852.
The vary of the margay cat extends from Mexico down by Peru, elements of Paraguay to the northern areas of Argentina.
The cat markings are just like that of the ocelot and its smaller relative to the tiger cat or oncilla – having darkish ringed rosette markings on a tawny to yellow/buff background.
Nevertheless, the rosettes are generally much less effectively-outlined than within the ocelot and seem extra continuously as stable blotches alongside its again – regional variations in total coat color happen, with margays from mountain elevations having darker and thicker coats than their lowland forest neighbors.
The margay cat lives completely in forested areas and is probably the most achieved climber of all its fellow cats.
Completely at dwelling within the branches, it has specifically tailored claws and ankle joints which may transfer by 180 levels, enabling it to maneuver with near monkey-like ease amongst the treetops. Its agility is demonstrated by the obvious ease at which the cat can scamper down the trunks of timber head first and run the wrong way up beneath branches.
Conduct and ecology
Most notably the Margay cat is a way more skillful climber than its relative, and it’s typically known as the Tree Ocelot due to this talent.
Whereas the Ocelot largely pursues prey on the bottom, the Margay cat might spend most of its time within the timber, leaping after and chasing birds and monkeys by the treetops.
The margay cat climbs head-first down timber. Its ankles can flip as much as 180 levels, it might grasp branches equally effectively with its fore and hind paws, and it is ready to leap appreciable distances.
The Margay cat has been noticed to hold branches with just one foot. The Margay can leap vertically 18 feet and leap horizontally 23 feet.
The margay is nocturnal, however has additionally been noticed searching in the course of the day in some areas.
It prefers to spend most of its life in timber, but additionally travels on the bottom, particularly when shifting between searching areas.
Throughout the day, it rests in comparatively inaccessible branches or clumps of lianas.
It’s often solitary and lives in dwelling ranges of 11–16 km2 (4.2–6.2 sq mi).
It makes use of scent marking to point its territory, together with urine spraying and leaving scratch marks on the bottom or on branches. Its vocalizations all seem like brief vary; it doesn’t name over lengthy distances.
A margay cat has been noticed to imitate the vocalization of a pied tamarin (Saguinus bicolor) toddler whereas searching.
This represents the primary remark of a Neotropical predator using any such mimicry.
As a result of the margay cat is usually nocturnal and is, of course, uncommon in its setting, most dietary research has been primarily based on abdomen contents and fecal evaluation.
This cat hunts small mammals, together with monkeys, and birds, eggs, lizards, and tree frogs.
It additionally eats grass, fruit, and different vegetation, most definitely to assist digestion.
A 2006 report on a few margays chasing squirrels in its pure setting confirmed that the margay is ready to hunt its prey solely in timber.
Nevertheless, margays do typically hunt on the bottom and have been reported to eat terrestrial prey, comparable to cane rats and guinea pigs.
The margay cat hunts nearly completely by evening and its prey contains birds, small monkeys, tree frogs, and bugs that inhabit the forest cover – nonetheless, it is going to additionally take prey from the bottom and has been knowing to complement its food plan with fruit.
Little is thought of this small cat however the pressures of attempting to find its fur and for the pet, commerce has led the margay cat to be threatened in lots of areas of its habitat.
Within the north of its vary, it’s now nearly extinct and it’s listed in CITES many areas of its habitat.
Margay cat reproduction and lifecycle
Feminine margays are in estrus for 4 to 10 days over a cycle of 32 to 36 days, throughout which they entice males with a protracted, moaning name.
The male responds by yelping or making trilling sounds, and likewise by quickly shaking his head backward and forward, conduct not seen in every other cat species.
Copulation lasts as much as sixty seconds, and is just like that in-home cats; it takes place primarily within the timber and happens a number of instances whereas the feminine is in warmth. In contrast to different felid species, margays should not induce ovulation.
The margay cat is a solitary and primarily nocturnal animal. In southern Brazil, nonetheless, it has been recorded as being energetic in the course of the day as effectively.
It’s an agile and glorious climber and is ready to descend headfirst from a tree or cling by one hind foot from a department.
It primarily rests and sleeps in timber, making its nests in hollows, and is considered being extra arboreal and higher tailored to residing in timber than different species of cat. Nonetheless, margays hunt and journey largely whereas on the bottom. Margays, like most cats, are territorial.
Their dwelling ranges to some extent might overlap, however particular person animals maintain their distance from one difference.
They mark their territory with urine, and secretions that come from scent glands between their feet and on their faces. Males have further glands on their tails for this objective.
Gestation lasts about 80 days and usually ends in the delivery of a single kitten (very not often, there are two) often between March and June.
Kittens weigh 85 to 170 g (3.0 to 6.0 oz) at delivery. That is comparatively massive for a small cat and might be associated with the lengthy gestation interval.
The kittens open their eyes at around two weeks of age and start to take stable meals at seven to eight weeks.
Margays attain sexual maturity at twelve to eighteen months of age and have been reported to dwell greater than 20 years in captivity.
Margays are serially monogamous animals, forming nonpermanent pair bonds in the course of the mating season.
After mating, these pairs might keep collectively all through the breeding season, typically even searching collectively. Male depart earlier than the delivery of the kittens and don’t assist to rear them.
The pure mating season goes from October to January, although it could be year-round within the deep tropics.
After the gestation of 76 – 85 days, the younger are born both one or two. The kittens open their eyes when they’re about two weeks outdated, and start to go outdoors the den at around 5 weeks outdated.
Weaning happens at about eight weeks, however, the kittens take practically a yr to realize their full grownup measurement, and often don’t begin breeding till the age of two to 3.
Feminine is thought to provide delivery as soon as each two years solely.
Cubs endure a 50% mortality fee. Coupled with the issues they’ve breeding in captivity, this makes the prospect of accelerating the inhabitants very troublesome.
Habitat destruction is the main risk to the margay cat, by deforestation, as a lot of the Amazon rainforest is being cleared for pasture, agriculture, and highway constructing.
The margay’s arboreal nature, and its naturally low reproductive output and low densities make it significantly susceptible within the face of this risk.
Over the subsequent ten years, it’s anticipated that populations of margay cat within the Amazon will develop into extra remoted and fragmented.
Unlawful searching in some areas is an unbroken drawback, and margays are additionally illegally captured for pet commerce.
The worldwide inhabitant’s measurement of the margay cat has not been quantified. Based on the IUCN Pink Record, this species is predominantly unusual to uncommon all through its vary.
Margay’s numbers are lowering and it’s at present categorized as Close to Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List.
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